Attention to safety should be continuous. Drive defensively and wear a seat belt. Keep your home safe with proper lighting, railings on stairways, working smoke alarms and adequate security. Use tools and appliances only while wearing protection for eyes, ears and hands. Avoid use of tools when alertness is decreased by fatigue or drugs. Most workplace accidents involve fatigue, carelessness and use of drugs or alcohol; therefore, accidents can be avoided by giving more attention to safety.
Protect children from injury or death by securing dangerous items, teaching them what to do in case of fire, encouraging them to wear helmets and using caution when riding a bicycle or skateboard. Women should avoid locations that might put them at risk for mugging or rape.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) present a risk to anyone who is sexually active or exposed to blood or body secretions. Each year, one in four sexually active teenagers contracts a STD. Some can be cured with antibiotics; other, like herpes, cannot. AIDS can be treated but will likely cause premature death.
Avoiding exposure is the best way to decrease risk of AIDS or STD. Limiting sexual partners and avoiding people who have had numerous sexual encounters can decrease risk. Use of condoms or spermacides may help, but intercourse or exposure to blood or bodily secretions always will carry risk.
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