If you are screening your patients for drug and alcohol use, make sure you include adolescents.
A report published in the Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics noted that 82 percent of 16-year-olds had seen a physician in the past year, but only half were asked about drinking alcohol, smoking, marijuana and other drug use. Of those using drugs, only 40 percent were advised about the health risks and only 17 percent were encouraged to stop.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), even brief interventions can significantly reduce drug and alcohol abuse.
To help you, NIDA offers a reproducible resource guide that uses the five A's – Ask, Advise, Assist, Assess and Arrange.
The 22-page resource walks you through the screening process and provides steps to determine the patient’s risk and the need for intervention. Download it from the NIDA website.
Also, find an addictions service provider near you at in.gov.
Screening and Counseling for Drug Use or AAAAA (Ask, Advise, Assist, Assess and Arrange)
RESOLVED, that the ISMA, with other organizations/groups, make available for physicians, their staffs and other health care providers, a reproducible kit/handout/reference guide/fact sheet to encourage physicians and other health care providers to ask adolescents about drug use, and to give advice to adolescents about the risks of using drugs and provide information regarding local resources related to educational materials and treatment options/programs.